Restorying Canada: Multiple Narratives in Progress

Adina Balint, Patrick Imbert

Resumo


Abstract:

This article examines, from two different perspectives, the relationship between historical and literary modes of restorying Canada: first exploring the process by which the country has shaped itself historically since 1867 to become one of the world’s most successful multicultural societies; and second, examining literary and artistic narratives that have had a wide impact on our understanding of what it means to be Canadian, and added a unique layer to our sense of the country’s potential. Basing the analysis on Will Kymlicka’s notion of multiculturalism, and on Jane Urquhart’s fictional text A Number of Things: Stories of Canada Told Through Fifty Objects (2016), as well as on Charlotte’s Gray’s historical essay The Promise of Canada. 150 Years – People and Ideas that Have Shaped Our Country (2016), we argue that the 150th anniversary of the Confederation is an ideal moment to re-examine stories, ideas and notions of identity/diversity, political decisions and transformations that shaped modern Canada. Thus, “restorying Canada” brings about bold challenges to conventions of how we remember, invites critique and inclusive alternative narratives.

 

Résumé :

Cet article explore les rapports entre des représentations historiques, littéraires et artistiques du Canada : d’une part, nous étudions des discours sur l’évolution historique du pays depuis 1867 – ce qui a conduit à une des sociétés multiculturelles les plus ouvertes de la planète ; d’autre part, nous analysons des discours littéraires et artistiques qui ont eu un grand impact sur la manière dont nous imaginons le pays et sur la polyvalence des identités canadiennes. À partir de la notion de multiculturalisme de Will Kymlicka, et à travers le récit récent de Jane Urquhart, A Number of Things: Stories of Canada Told Through Fifty Objects (2016) et l’ouvrage historique de Charlotte Gray, The Promise of Canada. 150 Years – People and Ideas that Have Shaped Our Country (2016), nous montrons que le 150e anniversaire de la Confédération est un moment propice pour repenser les discours, les idées et les conceptions de l’identité et de la diversité, ainsi que des décisions politiques et des transformations qui ont forgé le Canada d’aujourd’hui. De ce fait, ‘restorying Canada’ signifie questionner les récits mémoriels traditionnels, relire l’histoire et inventer des récits novateurs et inclusifs.

 

 


Palavras-chave


Canada; Confederation; multiculturalism; diversity; literature; art.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15210/interfaces.v17i2.10490

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ISSN eletrônico: 1984-5677

ISSN impresso: 1519-0994