Achievements and Challenges of the Nonviolent Movement in Syria

María Belén Garrido, Cécile Mouly


This paper uses insights from the literature on nonviolent movements against dictatorships to analyse the main achievements and challenges of the nonviolent movement in Syria since the beginning of mass protests in 2011. It begins with reviewing the nonviolent strategies used by the movement to protest against the regime and evaluating their impact. It then assesses the challenges encountered by the movement, including its internal fragmentation, its insufficient strategic planning, the growing use of violent opposition tactics, the army’s continuing allegiance to the regime, and outside interference. Finally, it concludes that the Syrian nonviolent movement overcame some of these, demonstrating its resilience and the possibility for it to play a role in reducing polarization among society and paving the way for a more inclusive transition.


Syria; nonviolence; resistance; opposition movement

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Indexação: Clase - Citas Latinoamericanas en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades; DOAJ; Latindex.


Esta revista é de acesso livre. This journal is open access.

ISSN 2317-5338


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